American astronomers from the Carnegie Institute discovered in Jupiter
12 new satellites, 11 of which were called “normal” and 1 –
�”Strange.” Now the number of known to man moons of this gas
the giant is 79 – much more than any other planet
Initially, researchers led by Professor Scott
Shepard searched last summer for traces of the mythical Ninth Planet, or
Planets X. At some point in the field of view of scientists was
Jupiter, and the Americans decided to explore the “neighborhood” in more detail.
the largest planet of the solar system: what if the mysterious Nibiru
is hiding around here? Astronomers were not only able to identify new
the moons of Jupiter, but also calculate their orbits, however, to this the authors
It took a whole year to find, making their discovery and appearing in
press just now.
Nine of the found celestial bodies are part of the outer group.
satellites circling around Jupiter in retrograde orbit (in
reverse direction relative to the direction of rotation itself
planets). A full turn around the gas giant each of these moons
commits in about 2 Earth years.
The other two satellites are located closer to Jupiter than the heavenly ones.
bodies from the first group. They rotate in the same direction as
planet, and are approximately the same distance from
her It is assumed that these astronomical objects
are fragments of Jupiter’s larger moon,
once split apart. Each of them spends on flight
around the planet a little less than Earth year.
Jupiter’s smallest satellite was the most
Finally, the remaining satellite researchers call
eccentric. A tiny moon with a diameter of less than a kilometer is substantially
removed from Jupiter and rotates in the same direction as he,
however, unlike other newly discovered satellites, has
significant angle of inclination of the axis relative to the axis of the gas giant.
To make one complete revolution around the planet, “strange”
satellite takes about one and a half years.
Another interesting feature of this object, that is
the twelfth, smallest satellite, is that his
the orbit intersects with the orbits of the other moons of Jupiter, that is, it can
easily face the latter. The authors of the finding compare
Valetudo (the name got a fancy “baby”) with a car
which rushes in the opposite lane and risks any minute
bump into another transport, and a larger one, and therefore
deadly to him.
Scott Shepard and his colleagues believe that originally from Jupiter
there were 3 huge satellites, but over time they fell apart and
turned into such “fragments”. According to the assumption
experts, today the largest planet of the solar system can
have about 100 moons, some of which, of course, have yet to be