Egyptian pharaoh Khufu ruled one of the largest kingdoms the ancient world. His tomb, the Great Pyramid at Giza – evidence of the power of Khufu. Recently, archaeologists have discovered the vast harbor with which the pharaoh managed to significantly increase the territory of their possessions. Through this oldest in the world Khufu harbor transported copper and other minerals from Egypt to other Mediterranean states.
A photo from open sources
According to researchers, the age of this harbor is about 4,5 thousand years. “This large port complex has appeared at least a thousand years earlier than any harbor hitherto found, ” tells Pierre Tallet, Egyptologist of Paris University and head of archaeological research. This the harbor was built on the shores of the Red Sea in the Wadi al-Jarf (Wadi al-Jarf), which is 180 kilometers from the modern Suez city. This discovery was made by a group of French and Egyptian scientists from the French Institute of Archaeological Research working together on the territory of the former Ancient Of Egypt. In addition to port facilities, archaeologists have found several anchors hollowed out of stone, as well as jugs, pieces of rope and fragments of dishes. Scientists were struck by several beautifully preserved documents from papyrus. Experts say that this is the most the oldest papyrus ever found. In forty papyrus sheets describes the daily routines of the ancient Egyptians during the 27th year reign of king Khufu. One of the most intriguing discoveries researchers – a diary of a port worker named Merrer, who helped lead the construction of the Great Pyramid. According to scientists, mainly in his notes he talked about trips to Tura limestone quarry to bring stones from there to build a pyramid. Thanks to this diary, we are the first to know about the events of that time in the first person. In other papyri tells of the bureaucracy created by pharaoh Khufu (who also known as Cheops), and also about the distribution of food – in mainly bread and beer – among port workers.
Egypt Time Stones Pyramids Pharaohs