Bet you didn’t know … Myths about the Middle Ages

In the Middle Ages, 9 out of 10 people died before they reached 40 years

I bet you didn't know ... Myths about the Middle AgesPhotos from open sources

Accurate data on life expectancy in of course, we don’t have a distant past, but historians say that in It was around 35 years old in the Middle Ages. (Anyway, 50% of births survived to this age). But this does not mean that people only died when they were 35 years old. Yes average duration life was approximately the same, but many died in childhood. We don’t know exactly what percentage it is, but assuming that somewhere 25% died before they reached five, we will not be far from the truth. Near 40% died in adolescence. But if a person fortunate enough to survive childhood and youth, he had good chances to live to 50 and 60. In the Middle Ages there were even people surviving to 70 or 80.

In the Middle Ages, people were much lower than us.

Not true! People were a little lower. Judging by the skeletons, discovered in the Mary Rose karak, sailors’ height was somewhere between 5 7 feet and 5 feet 8 inches (i.e. about 170 cm.). Burials of the Middle Ages and other periods also show that people were slightly lower than our contemporaries but not much.

People of the past were very dirty and rarely washed

Facts clearly show that people tried to keep themselves clean. Absolutely exactly what most people washed and changed clothes very often. They also tried to keep their homes clean. Opinion that people were dirty and smelled bad – a myth.

Perhaps it arose because people rarely took a bath. Until 19 For centuries it was difficult to heat large quantities of water at once. Imagine that you heated a boiler with water and poured it into a tub. While you heat up the second portion, the first will cool. The Romans decided this problem with public baths that warmed up from below.

After the fall of the Roman Empire, it became easier to wash naked. IN in hot weather people washed themselves in the rivers. It’s also known that people quite often washed their clothes.

Once the Pope under the name John was female

This is unlikely to be true. According to legend, Papa is a woman was on the Holy See for 2 years – from 855 to 858 In reality Leo IV occupied the papal throne from 847 to 855, and Benedict III – from 855 up to 888g. The gap between them is only a few weeks.

According to legend, the Pope woman was disguised as a man, and no one suspected nothing strange until the head of the Catholic Church on in the eyes of the amazed environment did not give birth to a child. Amazing that no one even noticed a pregnancy.

The first mention of the Pope woman appeared 200 years after its alleged existence. If it’s true, why no one wrote about it at the time? It was supposed to be sensation for all of Europe, so why didn’t anyone do this?

Probably because the story is fictitious.

King John Signed the Great Charter Liberties

No, he did not sign! He put a wax seal on it, but did not sign.

In the Middle Ages, scientists spent hours in debates about how many angels can fit on a pin head

There is no evidence that anyone in the Middle Ages wondered such a stupid question. The people who lived in the Middle Ages were far from fools.

Some medieval armor was so heavy that knights were raised on horses with a rope

It is not true. The armor, of course, was heavy, but not so.

In anticipation of the year 1000 A.D. people all over Europe panicked. They were afraid that Jesus Christ would return and come. end of the world

There is no evidence that such a panic arose. Neither one chronicler of that time does not mention anything unusual. Only centuries later, writers began to claim that this was before the onset of the year 1000. This is part of a broader myth that people of the Middle Ages were stupid and gullible (even more than we!)

Vikings wore helmets with horns.

No evidence that the Vikings put on the horned helmets, no. Just as there is no evidence that they wore helmets with wings.

Yew grew in most churchyards because men used yew wood for making bows

This is almost certainly a myth. The records indicate that the masters, who made bows, preferred yews from South or East Europe (the English yew was not quite suitable for this purpose). In fact In fact, yews grew in church yards because their leaves were poisonous. Villagers could let cattle graze in church yards. Yew trees were a good way to stop them.

Joan of Arc was burned like a witch

It is not true. She was burned for heresy (because she dressed like a man).

Before Columbus, people thought the Earth was flat

In fact, in the Middle Ages, people well knew that the Earth round.

Columbus discovered America

Not. It’s well known that the ancestors of today’s Americans came to North America thousands of years before Columbus. Moreover, Columbus was not even the first European to discover America. First the European who saw the continent was Bjarni Herülfsson. He swam in Greenland in 985 AD, when he saw a new land (ashore he did not go out). After about 15 years, a man named Leif Erickson led an expedition to a new land. He gave names to some the territories of North America: Helluland (country of flat stones), Markland (a country covered by forest) and Vinland (a country of grapes). Erickson spent the winter in Vinland. He never returned there, the other Vikings returned, but they failed to create there permanent colony.

Centuries later, Columbus decided that he could swim right from Europe to China across the Atlantic Ocean. Columbus underestimated the size of the earth. He did not know that North and South America exist and the Pacific. Columbus made 4 voyages across the Atlantic and although he landed in several caribbean islands he never set foot on the continent of North America.

Blackgate (Black Wasteland) in London got its name because victims of the London plague were buried there (the so-called “black death”)

This is definitely not the case. This place was called the Black Wasteland at the time of the Cadastral Book (land inventory of England produced By William the Conqueror in 1086), almost 300 years before the plague 1348-49gg. The fact that the Black Wasteland got its name, because that they sold black slaves is also a myth. Unknown where did this name actually come from. Maybe because black soil. In any case, it has nothing to do with the plague, nor with black slaves.

Golf is an English abbreviation that means “only gentlemen, ladies are not allowed” (golf – ‘gentlemen only ladies forbidden ’)

The word “golf” comes from the old Danish word “kolf”, which meant “club”. (In the Middle Ages the Danes already played clubs, but actually golf originated in Scotland). Scots changed the word to “goal” or “goff”, over time it turned into the golf we know.

Archers carried their arrows behind their backs

Only when they rode horses. Usually, archers wore arrows in containers fastened to a belt (much easier to get an arrow for a bow because of a belt, than because of a shoulder). Robin Hood usually depicted with a quiver of arrows behind. If Robin Hood ever and most likely, he wore arrows on his belt.

In the Middle Ages, spices were used to hide that meat is spoiled

This is not true for one simple reason – the spices were very expensive and only rich people could use them. They of course but did not eat spoiled meat. They only eat meat of the highest quality! Spices were used to improve its taste.

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