A photo from open sources
Weather has always been one of the main topics of discussion. AND even so, few people thought that the weather is not only an occasion to start a conversation, but also one of the factors that played an important role in the history of civilization. Of course stainless pipes the course of history will not change, but they maintain communication at a very long term for history, so to speak. 10 – Sea Breeze saves western culture
During the Greco-Persian wars, Greek culture (a hence modern Western culture) constantly balanced on the brink of extinction. Persian Empire at its peak of its power was preparing for the capture of the main territories of Greece. In the decisive naval battle of Salamis (480 BC), victory is all the commander of the Greek fleet, Themistocles, won, and all thanks his knowledge of terrain and winds.
9 – The First Kamikaze
In the XIII century, the head of the Mongol Empire, Khan Khubilai, was going to to capture Japan, but two typhoons prevented his plans from being realized. Shinto priests considered these winds to save Japan as results prayers and called them kamikaze (divine wind).
8 – Wind against the Invincible Armada
Defeat of the Spanish Armada (also known as Invincible armada) in 1588 became one of the greatest battles of the western civilization. During the attempt to conquer England, the armada suffered significant losses, in particular due to the weather. From 130 ships Armada returned to Spain only 65 (according to other sources – 67). 24 ships were thrown by the storm on the shores of Ireland.
7 – Attack of Charles XII on Russia
In 1709, Charles XII became the first European ruler, led his troops against Russia and the Russian winter. Long way and severe frosts played a significant role in the defeat of the Swedish troops. However, as history has shown, the first lesson was not learned by all.
6 – George Washington’s Second Chance
The American army led by George Washington represented not trained by military schools and tempered in battles force, and volunteer units with fairly weak weapons. The British, by contrast, were exemplary soldiers. And who knows how history would have turned, if not for the thick fog that saved the army Washington August 22, 1776 at the Battle of Long Island.
5 – Weather and the French Revolution
France, already suffering from the economic crisis as a result of America’s support in the war against England received another blow from nature: spring flood. Food prices skyrocketed to heaven. But this was not the worst. The terrible city destroyed many crops and irreparable harm to farms. The hungry people longed for change, and the Revolution did not force itself wait a long time.
4 – Rain versus riot
The day of August 30, 1800 could go down in history as the date of one of America’s greatest slave rebellion. Thousands of Slaves in Richmond (state) Virginia) were about to follow their leader named Gabrielle and rebel. The plans were to seize the arsenal and get rid of slavery, but a strong storm did not allow slaves to gather and take action long enough for the plot to be revealed.
3 – Napoleon’s attack on Russia
Perhaps this example of the influence of weather on history is known to you the best thing. In 1812, Napoleon Bonaparte led the largest Army in Europe was about to capture Russia. His confidence in success was so great that even the approach of winter did not stop the hike. The successful capture of Moscow added optimism to the French, but soon came famous Russian frosts. In just one day, in the cold, almost -40 degrees Celsius killed 50,000 army horses. They didn’t save from the cold even fur coats captured as trophies. Severe Russian frosts became the beginning of the end for the empire of Napoleon.
2 – Hitler attack on the USSR �
Adolf Hitler apparently decided not to reckon with the lessons of history and repeat the attempt to conquer Russia (then the USSR). In September 1941 German forces have already advanced quite far the territory of the USSR. Confidence in a quick victory was so great that many soldiers carried their dress uniform for the victory march on Red Square. But what they didn’t bring with them was the winter forms. Winter and decisive actions of the USSR army near Moscow and Stalingrad turned the tide of the war.
1 – Clear weather above Hiroshima
August 6, 1945 in Hiroshima was a beautiful summer day. IN 7:09 a plane flew over the city, which reported to the base: “cloud cover less than 30%.” These were almost perfect conditions for dropping the first nuclear bomb. Low clouds doomed that day Hiroshima and saved the spare target. Cloudiness played an equally important role. and in the fate of another Japanese city – Kokura. August 8 second a nuclear bomb was loaded on a B-29, but too large cloudy over Kokura did not allow the bombing and bombing went to the emergency target – Nagasaki.
War Moscow Napoleon Bonaparte Russia Aircraft USSR Japan