Russian archaeologists conducting excavations near the Arctic Circle, continue to try to uncover the secret of the so-called Siberian mummies, whose age is about 1000 years. Photos from open sources
Mummies were discovered during excavations that began back in 1997 near the village of Zeleny Yar, which is located at foundations of the Yamal Peninsula. Photos from open sources
Archaeologists have found 34 shallow graves in which they were buried seven adult males, three male infants and one infant female. Most organs of mummies are poorly preserved, while some lacked skulls and bones of skeletons were fragmented. Photos from open sources
Copper items, blankets from skins of deer, beavers, wolverines and bears. Male infants the floors were tied in four places with copper hoops one wide centimeter. The best preserved mummy of an adult red-haired a man found in a wooden sarcophagus. His chest and legs were covered with copper plates, and a bronze buckle with depicting a bear. An iron ax and fur. Employee of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences Natalya Fedorova reported that they have never been found anywhere in the world before. so many mummified remains located outside permafrost or in swamps. Scientists have found that the bodies of the dead people turned into mummies due to a sharp cooling, which happened in the 14th century. In addition, the mummification of bodies could contribute to copper, which prevented the oxidation of the remains, and also the sandy soil of these places.
A photo from open sources Fedorova believes that strange bodies poses buried mummies may have had religious significance. Besides Moreover, the archaeologist noted that the rite of such an unusual burial she never met before. Excavations in 2002 were suspended due to indignation of local residents who feared that archaeologists disturbed the peace of the souls of their ancestors. However now the excavation work has resumed again. In the graves archaeologists discovered not only copper products, but also military knives, bracelets, silver medallions and bronze figurines. Moreover, Researchers found 10-11th century bowls made in Persia. it the discovery suggests that a millennium ago Siberia was not so distant and inhospitable. Maybe she was an important crossroads of trade routes.