For more than ten years, the concept has become fashionable in Russia “place of Power”, which is actively used by the media, television, esoterics and profane. At the same time, a number of historians seriously consider that the famous seven hills, on which, according to legend, is Moscow, – these are not seven elevations at all, but seven ancient sacred centers. In their place in ancient times, the Slavs worshiped first natural or pagan gods, then Orthodox saints, and already in Soviet times there were places of worship atheist states. Tell Riddles and Mysteries about where, in fact, are the seven spiritual peaks of Moscow, agreed a famous writer, ethnographer and secret specialist World Societies Andrey SINELNIKOV. Photos from open sources
– Andrey, what were the sacred places of our ancestors? – In the era when our ancestors worshiped their ancients gods, such places were called temples. In their center znich burned – ritual fire, around which were located a treasure trove and a hut. Trebische – this is the place where they demanded from their gods necessary for the blessing tribe, and the culinary place – where the people walked on holidays. – Really in Moscow there were such pagan temples? She is comparatively young city. – According to archaeological research, Moscow was literally saturated with ancient pagan temples. Moreover they existed almost until the time of the Troubles and coming to power dynasties of the Romanovs. For example, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich wrote to the governor Shuisky in 1649, complaining of huge pagan festivities 22 December, that the celebrants praised Kolyada, Usen and the “plow” throughout buffoons played. Among the areas covered by the fun were indicated: Kremlin, China, White and Earth cities, that is almost the entire territory of Moscow of those years. Such survivability of tradition explained by the fact that Moscow was founded at the place where the sanctuaries was larger than usual, it was a single sacred complex with an area of about 8 square kilometers, built as an image of laws global rotation. “But what does the legendary seven hills have to do with it?” – Everyone knows that Moscow stands on seven hills. However, not she is one. Rome, Byzantium (Constantinople, Constantinople) also stand on seven hills. Historians of many countries stubbornly seek out these legendary hills, hills or at least something similar to them, but in vain. Therefore, a theory appeared about the seven spiritual, not physical elevations. Indeed, the holy city of Rome, originally written as Rum, from the ancient name of the holy temple of ROMOV, had to stand in a holy place. Tsar grad, as you know, – Second Rome, and Moscow – Third. The names of these spiritual peaks in different nations are different, but most likely they are expressed the names of the gods. – What gods did the Slavs worship in ancient Moscow? – Seven deities are precisely known: Rod, Veles, Kupala, Yarilo, Makosh, Perun and Troyan. Studying family books, I and my colleagues discovered an interesting list of ancient Moscow temples dedicated to old Slavic gods. Treating him as an indirect evidence, we tried to prove or disprove what is stated in it in practice. “And what did you do?” – Something coincided, something is not, but there is no place we calculated the temples! The fact is that the places of the Force when changing any beliefs and religions are necessarily engaged in iconic construction a new cult, often retaining external signs and even altered name of the forerunner. The most sought after and revered spiritual the peak for any time, of course, was military glory. The gods of war were: among the Greeks – Ares, among the Romans – Mars, among the Scandinavians – Thor, among the Slavs – Perun. There is a peak of the military spirit, the “hill” of warriors and in Moscow. – And where? – The shape of the temple of the warrior god at that time resembled an octagon, reflecting the symbol of Perun “fireman”, “colo” – an eight-pointed star. Oriented to the cardinal points, it divided the interior into nine shrines in which worshiped the bright gods. Eight sanctuaries were located around the ninth, dedicated to the highest spirit of the warrior – the god Perun. The altar of this temple was located in the city center on Alatyr-Kamen, located on Red Square at its transition to Vasiliev (Velesov) descent. This huge glacial boulder served later the foundation of the Trinity Church, standing on this site. Then the system devices and appearance of the temple of Perun were used by Postnik and Barma during the construction of the nine-domed Church of the Protection of the Holy Virgin Virgin on the Moat, also called St. Basil’s Cathedral Blessed. This is the first sacred hill – Perun Hill.
A photo from open sources
– Whose temple was the second most important after Perun? – second spiritual value, revered in Russia, was what we call “fate”, or “share.” As you know, the threads of fate are spun divine spins: among the Greeks – moira, among the Romans – parks, among the Vikings – norns, from Slavs main spin – Makosh. Ma Koshi Hill – the temple of its masters fate, which could be called a “sacred couple.” Sacred usually a pair consists of two temples: male and female, located on opposite sides of the river. If the river bends, then a high “hugging” shore and a “hugging” flood meadow are formed. Borovitsky hill and Zamoskvorechye are great for definition of a pair. On the hill there was a male temple of Yarile – to God The sun, to the god of life. And beyond the river there should have been a place veneration of a female deity – Makoshi fate. To find a place Makoshi’s temples, you need to understand who in Christianity came replaced her cult. This is Paraskeva Friday! Street name Pyatnitskaya points to the female deity whom was worshiped here from ancient times. Indeed, on the street stood the Paraskeva Friday Church, which has conditional status “farewell”. And according to ethnographic evidence, “goodbyes” were the places of worship of Makoshi. She stood on that the place where the lobby of the Novokuznetskaya metro station is now. – So, the Yarily’s temple was opposite, on Borovitsky hill. What for answered this deity?
A photo from open sources
– Like Ra in Egypt and Apollo in Greece, Yarilo was responsible for the Slavs for a life. According to legend, at the site of the sanctuary was laid wooden Church of St. John the Baptist on Bor. The chronicler claimed that this temple “the first church in Moscow to be.” Christian building the temple has not changed much, because Velesov was still nearby the stone, which Muscovites flocked on holidays. In 1509 in In this temple the chapel of the holy martyr Uara was arranged. Muscovites they called him the old-fashioned Yar, meaning Yarila. But October 2 1846 Emperor Nikolai Pavlovich, being in the Kremlin, made remark that the church of St. Ouar spoils the view from the windows of the Kremlin the palace. When the nobleman A. N. Muravyov turned to the church Vladyka asking to save the temple, he answered quite meaningfully: “I’m sorry that I worship other icons shrine, and not the scattered stones of Basil the Dark. ” notice that Metropolitan Filaret called the stone of Basil the Dark it is the stone of Veles. The Temple of Huara was dismantled, and the stone of Veles was removed in one night. Obviously, the temple of Yarila was on Bor, that is, in Kremlin, on Borovitsky hill. – But what life and fate without will, especially revered in Russia? Which god was responsible for her? – Yes, deity will, freedom and power were especially revered by the northern peoples. The Celts and the Vikings – this is Freya, or Frida. At Slavic-Baltic – Veles. It so happened that the location of the temple Veles turned out to be known most accurately and, surprisingly, confirmed by archaeological excavations. This is the famous Red a hill, or, as it was called in antiquity, Bolvanova Gora. It is noteworthy that the old name of Verkhneradishchevskaya street, located in this place – Bolvanovka. With this word, Christians called pagan idols in the temple, so the presence of such toponym can be considered as a fact indicating the existence of in these places of the pagan cult. Usually in the place where a temple was located, sacred bonfires – chigas burned. Therefore, the exact location of the temple is a church or a monastery built on the site of a temple, having in its name the word “chigas”. And for sure, in the courtyard of the house on Kotelnicheskaya embankment once stood the Spaso-Chigasov Monastery. For the first time in the annals referred to as stone in 1483. There was a church next to him Nikita Ugodnik, about which the annals in 1533 say: “… a cloud has risen great terrible … and beyond Yauzoy at the holy church the martyr Nikita breaking the wall … “When on the site of Nikita’s church Excavations were carried out in 1997, then several clay figurines of a horseman riding a wolf and a man with a wolf’s head and tambourine in the hands. Figurines have no analogues and are dated archaeologists of the XIV century, that is, the time when the Red Hill just starting to be populated by the townspeople. These findings clearly say whose the temple was in this place, because the wolf is the totem animal of God Beles. No wonder the words “power” and “will” are phonetically consonant with the word “wolf”. True, some researchers relate Beles to an ox, but this is an erroneous comparison, since in many annals Slavic-Baltic springs Beles absolutely sure It is interpreted precisely with the wolf. – But what about the father of all Slavic of the gods – Rod? – Of course, in Moscow there was also his temple. Kind – Slavic god, the creator of all living things. Rod is veneration of ancestors, appeal to another world, to Navi. In old Moscow there is an interesting place that has retained its originality to this day. TO to the west of the Kremlin lies the Chertolje area, which included Chertolsky streets, Chertory stream, Volkhonka, Vlasyeva settlement and two Vlasyevsky lane. Sivtsev Vrazhek also belonged to Chertol. Mash in Moscow dialect called ravines; in this case it is ravine creek Chertorya. Since Sivtsev Vrazhek and others above the listed names of Chertoll go back to the original elements, to the unity of all gods, it is precisely Rod. revered in the area. Moreover, the names of the streets of Chertol did not come from the “devil” one might think, but from the “line” separating Nav and Yav. Nav – the world ancestors, ancestors, those who keep the traditions of the Sort, and Jav – the world alive. Most likely, the temple was at the bottom of the ravine, along which tech stream Chertory. Most likely, in the place where now Sivtsev Vrazhek intersects with Big and Small Vlasyevsky side streets. Previously, there was the tract Kozie Bolot. In that the name is also pagan roots, because the goat was a symbol and the embodiment of the birth force of the earth. This is Smolenskaya Square.— Where was the temple of the especially beloved in Moscow Kupala? – Bathed is always rituals associated with water, fire and herbs. Wherein most of the Kupala rites are performed at night. In Kupalskaya the shortest night of the year the inhabitants of Navi come to life. The edge disappears between spirits and people. Sorcerers and sorcerers come to our world, werewolves, mermaids, sorcerers, brownies, water, goblin. On holiday Kupala, according to popular belief, water can “make friends” with fire, and their union is considered a natural force. The symbol of such a connection is bonfires along the banks of the rivers that lit up on the night of Kupala. But numerous ethnographic studies say that Kupala – this is the later name of another ancient god – Marena. The image of Marena associated with death, hence the seasonal agricultural rites – in honor of the dying and resurrection of nature. An analogue of this deity among the Egyptians Sekhmet stands, and among the Scandinavians – Hel. So, for the role of the temple Marena may claim another point of Chertoll – the confluence Chertoryya stream to the Moscow River. So to speak, the other end of Navoi ravine – Sivtseva Vrazhka.
A photo from open sources
The fate of this place, which is called damned – it is known for being built here from time immemorial temples, but everyone had a short and sad fate. Two stalled in the antiquity of the monastery, the first temple of Christ the Savior blown up, Palace of Soviets, “sailed away” on the floodplain waters, swimming pool “Moscow” – all these objects “bad place” as if dumped with yourself, trying to stay free … So, the temple of Kupala-Maren, the spirit of magic, located on the site of the present Kropotkinskaya Square. – Who was the seventh in the pantheon of the ancient Slavic gods? – This is a Trojan, Triglav, or Tribog. With the historian Herboard, this deity rules over three worlds – heaven, earth and the underworld. Troyan, Triglav – in mythology of the Slavs a three-headed deity symbolizing the trinity all in this world. Day – night – day. Winter – summer – year. The sun – the moon is the sky. Man – woman – family. Nav – Reve – Rule. Troyan’s holiday does not have a strict binding to the calendar date and coincides with the appearance of flowers on the oak, and this happens approximately May 22. Oak is the sacred tree of Troyan, and oak a grove is obligatory in the place of its temples. Such a place was in Moscow. This is Zaryadye, the place where the Rossiya Hotel was recently located. Interviewed by Dmitry SOKOLOV “Mysteries and Secrets” May 2013
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