A photo from open sources Rock architecture includes many structures. Among them: housing, tombs, temples that were carved from the cliff. Facades and interior layout reflect the architectural style, time at which the building was created. Many impressive examples of rock architecture – rock monolithic formations, representing integral material. Many ancient examples rock architecture, such as the ancient city of Petra in Jordan, carved over tens of hundreds of years using a chisel.
A photo from open sources The complexity of the work on the stone became the reason the fact that many designs were not completed. This also applies to Punch. Rathams in Tamil Nadu, India. The earliest and most famous examples of rock structures – Hypogey Paola (Malta). The complex was built around 3000 BC and discovered by workers in 1902 year. Eleven Monolithic Churches in Lalibela, (Ethiopia) – one of the latest designs of rock architecture. They are were created around 1100 A.D. Kailasanatha Temple – one of many rock temples are shrines in the caves of Ellora, in India. Temples created in the years 400-900 A.D. The territory of the temple complex is also is home to a giant sitting Buddha. While many ancient civilizations created their centuries-old monuments architecture, Cappadocia in Turkey is exceptional a historic place that boasts many historical stone structures, underground cities, centuries-old urban landscapes that resemble anthill. All these objects inhabited by people to this day. Rock Tombs – impressive form of rock architecture that was built many ancient civilizations to bury the prestigious and wealthy people. Burial chambers are often carved into rock and sealed with huge stone slabs. Some rocky tombs are well disguised as the environment, others – are impressive temples that were once bright painted for greater visibility. Many rock tombs were damaged and lost during earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, but many rocky architectural monuments have survived to this day. Among the preserved monuments – one of the most famous – the city Petra in Jordan, Mausoleum of Al Khazneh – a vivid example of the greatest mastery of ancient architects and stone-cutters. It’s hard to guess: how and with what tools the details of the mausoleum were cut. Rock tombs can be found in Jerusalem, among caves and underground water channels, both artificial and natural. “All the kings peoples, everyone lies with honor, each in his own tomb, and you cast down outside his tomb like a despicable branch like clothes slain, slain by the sword, which are lowered into the stone ditches – you, as trampled corpse, do not connect with them in the grave. “As a rule, tombs for kings were built by builders right in the rocks, for greater reliability. An important feature is the choice of location for carving. So, builders usually carved tombs in harder – low bed of rock. Ancient tombs were divided into 2 types: open (carved in the rock) and closed (catacombs). If there is a city of the living, which means there is a city of the dead. In the ancients civilizations were considered the norm – to bury the deceased in a necropolis, which means “city of the dead”, translated from Greek. Town The necropolis was built in the city of Mira, in ancient Lycia (now part Antalya Province, Turkey). In addition to the city, they called the necropolis places of concentration of large burials. There are many necropolises, for example: Dipilon necropolis in ancient Athens, in Ancient Egypt – the necropolis of the city of Thebes with the tombs of the Pharaohs and nobles, and many other necropolises.
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