A photo from open sources
The veil over the thousand-year “secret” of one of the miracles is opened Light – the pyramid of Cheops.
Secrets are overcome by knowledge. Knowledge can be gained or it create.
Every creation of human hands makes sense. “… Everything that arises must have some reason for its occurrence, for to arise without a reason is completely impossible. “(IV century BC, Plato, Timaeus).
Which suggests that one of the “Seven Wonders of the World” pyramid Cheops – there is a semblance of a “Russian nesting doll” containing inside yourself two more pyramids, one in the other?
Let’s think, understand the facts and create on this basis new knowledge.
We’ll use common sense as the “building tool” the logic of thinking and knowledge of people using ideas about world at that distant time.
“That which is comprehended through reflection and reasoning – obviously, it is eternally identical being; and that which is subject opinion … arises and perishes, but never exists on the very case. “(IV century BC, Plato,” Timaeus “).
And so, let’s start with the facts.
Firstly, there are three burial chambers in the pyramid. – Three! It doesn’t occur to any living people to cook for themselves the tomb in three “copies”. In addition, as seen from the sizes pyramids, it was a very troublesome and laborious affair. Egyptian archaeologists found that for their wives the pharaohs built separate structures of much smaller size and “family” in the pyramids at Pharaohs not installed. From this fact it follows that the pyramid in different times there were three masters (three pharaohs) and therefore each had own burial chamber.
To confirm this conclusion, we consider a sectional pyramid (what is).
A photo from open sources
Egyptian historians have established that long before the construction pyramids in ancient Egypt in the 4th millennium BC and earlier Pharaohs were buried in deep underground halls, where mummy. In the ground part at the top above the hall was not built high, flat truncated pyramid. All together called – mastaba (crypt). Mastaba Indoor Ground there was a prayer room with a statue of the pharaoh, in which after death (according to the Egyptians) moved the soul of the pharaoh. Halls in the room could be isolated from each other.
Looking at the section plan of the Cheops pyramid, we can conclude that not discovered today the upper prayer room of mastaba (not more than 15 meters high) is located in the center, just below middle burial chamber (7). If, of course, to the beginning the construction of the second pharaoh of his pyramid over mastaba, she was not destroyed, crushed, plundered and preserved in volume.
Conclusion on the availability of mastaba premises on the basis of a plateau in the center of the Cheops pyramid, also confirmed by research French scientists – Gilles Dormion and Jean-Yves Verdhart. They’re in August 2004, exploring sensitive gravitational instruments the middle burial chamber (7), was found under it at a depth about 4 meters of impressive size emptiness.
In the pyramid there is a narrow inclined vertical shaft (12), built for the passage of the soul of the pharaoh from the underground funeral pit (5) upstairs. The passage should be connected to the aboveground prayer Mastaba premises. At the exit of the mine, at the surface level of the plateau under the base of the pyramid there is a small grotto (extension to 5 meters) whose walls are partially fortified by an older masonry not belonging to the pyramid. Ascending mine and ancient masonry, there is nothing but accessory mastaba. (Nothing is done without meaning). From the grotto (12) to the center of the pyramid should be the entrance to the mastaba, which, most likely, was walled up by the ancient builders of the second pyramid (according to unnecessary).
According to archaeologists, the underground funeral “pit” (5) did not remain completed. Perhaps for the same reason it was not finished and the upper aerial part of the mastaba with a prayer room (which to find out). The presence of an unfinished funeral facilities located at the most advantageous location (on top stone plateau) – served as the second (before Cheops) pharaoh an excuse and moral foundation, take the mastaba to build over it second pyramid.
In favor of the fact that the plateau in Giza was previously “settled out” ancient mastaba, says the fact that the age of the Sphinx is estimated much older than the pyramids (about 5-10 thousand years).
By the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC in Egypt burial in Mastaba replaced by more magnificent structures – at first step pyramids, even later smooth. Appeared among the Egyptians and another worldview about the place of residence of the soul after death. – Soul flew away to a new life on the stars. “One who lives measured duly due, will return to the monastery of his name the stars. “(Plato, Timaeus).
Burial chamber (7) belonging to the second inner pyramid (on the cross-sectional plan) should be located above the prayer part of the first mastaba. Corridor Ascending (6) laid on the wall of the mastaba, and horizontal (8) on its roof. So Thus, you can “see” the approximate boundaries of the first ancient inner truncated mastaba pyramid.
The second inner pyramid is ten meters each the sides are smaller than the current outer third pyramid of Cheops. About it can be judged by the length of two outgoing from the camera (7), the so-called (modern) ventilation ducts (section 20 by 25 cm.). These channels (according to the section plan), approximately ten meters do not reach the plane of the outer walls. Certain channels the name is air ducts, of course not true. None ventilation ducts to the deceased were not needed. The channels had another destination. This is one of the “keys” to solving the mystery the pyramids. Channels is a pointing towards the sky a path oriented with great accuracy (to a degree) on those stars, where according to the ideas of the ancient Egyptians, the soul will settle Pharaoh after death. When the second pyramid was built, the canals from the burial room (7) reached the edge of the outer walls and were open to the sky.
The second burial chamber of the pharaoh might also not have been completed (judging by the lack of its internal design). it says that the whole pyramid was not completed to the end (for example, there was a war, the pharaoh was killed, died prematurely from illness, accident, etc.). But, in any case, the second the pyramid by that time was erected not lower than the height of the canals, coming from the burial chamber (7) to the outer walls
The second inner pyramid finds itself not only closed tightly by canals and its own funeral chamber, but also and the central entrance (1) to the pyramid. This input is about the same the most 10 meters (as the canals) turned out to be buried inside the outer wall of the third pyramid. Built before Cheops entrance, to extend to the borders of the outer wall of the third pyramid did not, and therefore, after increasing the perimeter of the walls of the third pyramid, the entrance and turned into a deepening. Entrance gates are always a bit out outside structures, and not recessed into the depths of the body of the structure.
The next, the third owner of the pyramid was Pharaoh Cheops (Khufu).
A photo from open sources
Archaeologists, historians, according to the decoding of hieroglyphs it was found that the Cheops pyramid was not built by slaves (as was believed earlier), and civilian builders, who, of course, needed it’s good to pay for hard work. And since the volume of construction was huge, it was more profitable for the pharaoh to take the unfinished pyramid than build it from scratch, thus “bribed” to use incomplete. Again, as in the first case, the most played its role advantageous location – on top of a plateau.
The construction of the third pyramid began with the fact that dismantled the central part of the unfinished second. IN formed “funnel” at an altitude of about 40 meters from the ground built a precamera (11) and the third burial chamber of the pharaoh (10). The passage to the third chamber was only required to be extended. The rising tunnel (6) continued in the form of a large 8-meter high conical gallery (9). The conical shape of the gallery, not similar to the first initial part of the passage – indicates that the passage was made not at a time, but on two different projects.
After the third pyramid was expanded “at the hips”, added on each side about 10 meters, then old, outgoing channels for the “exit of the soul” from the chamber (7) were closed. If the burial chamber (7) did not involve burial, then the meaning of builders of the third pyramid, lengthen the old channels – fell away. Channels just closed next to the wall blocks.
In September 2002, into one of the narrow “air ducts” of middle burial chamber, English scientists researchers launched a caterpillar robot. Rising to the end, he ran into 13 cm thick limestone slab, drilled it, on the other side of the plate at a distance of 18 cm. the robot saw another stone a barrier. These are the blocks of the wall of the third pyramid.
During the construction of the third burial chamber of Pharaoh Cheops, from new channels were laid for it (10) for the “flight of the soul” to the stars. If look carefully at the section of the pyramid, then the channels from the second and The third camera is almost parallel. At one time they were aimed at the same stars. Almost parallel, but not quite! Channels from the upper third chamber, relative to the channels of the second, a little rotated clockwise 3-5 degrees. This is not an accident. Egyptian builders very carefully recorded the position of the stars in the sky and direction to them. Then what is the matter?
The axis of rotation of the Earth shifts by 1 degree every 72 years, and every 25920 years, the axis of the Earth rotating with an inclination, like a “yule”, makes a full circle. This astronomical phenomenon is called precession. The ancient Egyptian priests knew about the declination of the axis of the Earth and its swinging around the poles. Earth axis rotation time of 26 thousand years Plato called – “The Great Year.”
When the axis of the earth shifts in 72 years by one degree, then by 1 the degree changes and the angle of view in the direction of the desired star (in including the angle of inclination on the Sun). If the offset is a pair of channels, approximately varies by 3-5 degrees, it can be said that the difference between the incomplete construction of the second pyramid and time the beginning of the construction of the third pyramid of the pharaoh Cheops (Khufu) is 216-360 years.
Egyptian historians say that Pharaoh Khufu reigned in 2540-2560 BC Counting the “degree” years ago, we can say when the second inner pyramid was built.
In the entire pyramid of Cheops in a single place under the ceiling, on powerful vaulted like roof granite slabs over the third the burial chamber is a hieroglyph made by workers – “Builders, friends of Pharaoh Khufu. “No other mention of names and accessories, pharaohs to the pyramid has not yet been found.
Most likely, the Cheops pyramid was completed and used by destination. Otherwise, the entrance (1) would not be covered with granite slabs, and in the ascending passage (6) would not be lowered from the inside on an inclined plane cork of several granite cubes. Thus the pyramid It was tightly closed to all for three thousand years (until 820 AD).
A photo from open sources
The ancient Egyptian name of the Cheops pyramid is read by hieroglyphics – “Horizon Khufu”. The name is literal. Angle inclination of the side face of the pyramid 51 ° 50 ‘. – This is the angle at which The sun rose exactly at noon in the days of autumn – spring equinox. The sun at noon, like a “crown” crowned the pyramid. IN throughout the year the Sun (ancient Egyptian God – Ra) walks along the sky in the summer above, in the winter below (the same as the Pharaoh in his possessions) and always the Sun (pharaoh) returns to his “home”. Therefore, the angle of inclination of the walls of the pyramid indicates the house of “God – the Sun” and to the horizon of the “house – the pyramid” of Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops) – “the son of God Of the sun ”
The faces of the walls are arranged at an angle on the sun, not only in this the pyramid. In the Chefren pyramid, the angle of inclination of the faces of the walls is slightly larger 52-53 degrees (found that it was built later). IN Mykirin pyramid, the slope of the faces is 51 ° 20′25 ″ (less than in Cheops). Historians did not know if it was built before the Pyramid of Cheops or later. But now, given the “degree time”, a less steep angle the inclination of the walls (if the builders were not mistaken), we can conclude that it was built before. Applied to “degree age scale “, the slope difference of 30 minutes corresponds to 36 years. later Egyptian pyramids, respectively, and the slope of the faces higher.
In Sudan, there are also many pyramids, the angle of which a lot cooler. Sudan significantly south of Egypt and the sun per day spring – autumn equinox stands there much higher above the horizon. This also explains the steepness of the walls of the Sudanese pyramids.
A photo from open sources
In 820 A.D. Baghdad caliph Abu Jafar al-Mamun in search of the countless treasures of the pharaoh at the base of the pyramid of Cheops made horizontal gap (2), which is used to enter the pyramid and to date. Break broke through to the beginning of the upward corridor (6), where they rested on granite cubes, which went around on the right and thus entered the pyramid. But, according to historians, nothing except for “dust at half the elbow,” they did not find inside. If that in the pyramid was valuable, then the servants of the caliph took, and what was left, then all carried out over the next 1200 years.
A photo from open sources Judging by the appearance of the gallery (9) in present, it seems that along its walls in the recesses rectangular in shape, stood 28 pairs of ritual statues. (Exact the purpose of the recesses do not know). For standing there high statues, say two facts – eight meter high galleries, as well as large round flaky prints from mortar, which inclined statues were attached to the walls. (see photo galleries on Wikipedia).
I will disappoint those who are mystically inclined to find in the design pyramids “miracles”.
In Egypt today discovered over a hundred pyramids, and all of them differ from each other. There are different angles of inclination of the faces, there are the pyramid with a “broken side” at a double angle, there are stone and brick pyramids, tiled and stepped, even with the base of a rectangular shape (Pharaoh Djoser). There is no unity even among the three pyramids in Giza. The smaller of three Mycerin’s pyramid the basis is oriented not strictly to the cardinal points. I.e the orientation of the parties is not attached. In the main pyramid of Cheops the third (upper) burial chamber is not located in the geometric center of the pyramid and not even on the axis of the pyramid. IN the pyramids of Chefren and Mykerin, also burial chambers not according to the center. If there was a secret law in the pyramids, a secret, knowledge, the “golden ratio” and so on, then everyone would have observed uniformity. “But there is nothing of the kind.”
Egyptian Minister of Archeology and Chief Current Specialist to the ancient pyramids Zahi Hawass says: – “Like everyone practitioner I decided to check the statement that in the pyramid products spoil. Divided a kilogram of meat in half. He left one part in office, and another in the pyramid of Cheops. The part in the pyramid spoiled even faster than in the office. ”
What else can archaeologists do today in the Cheops pyramid? – Perhaps trying to find the aboveground prayer room first mastaba, for which you could drill down (vertically or inclined at the edges and corners) several holes in the second floor (7) burial chamber, until it is found below the inner cavity.
In case of failure (if the rooms are located away from drilling), then from the grotto (12) find the blocked passage or passage re-lay. This will not be detrimental to the pyramid, since connecting entrance from the burial pit to the above-ground room Mastaba was originally. He only needs to be found. Then it will become It is known about the owner of the first mastaba – a truncated pyramid.
Of much greater interest in the Egyptian Giza is Sphinx.
The stone body of the ancient Sphinx, located from west to east. Burial chambers and burials were also made from west to east. It can be assumed that the Sphinx is a component of the aerial construction over the ancient mastaba of the unknown pharaoh. Searches in this direction would expand the boundaries of knowledge of the history of ancient Egypt. Or even an earlier civilization, for example – the Atlanteans, whom Egyptians deified and attributed to their ancient ancestors predecessor gods.
American forensics identification study has come to the conclusion that the face of the Sphinx is not like the faces of Egyptian statues Pharaohs, but has negroid traits. That is, the ancient ancestors of the Egyptians – Atlanteans had Negroid facial features and origin.
A photo from open sources
Presumably, the burial chamber and the mummy of the ancient pharaoh of Negro origin is under the front paws Sphinx. In this case, there must be a passage from the underground chamber up to relocate the “soul” of the pharaoh, for subsequent life in the body statues of the Sphinx (according to the beliefs of the ancient Egyptians).
Sphinx – a lion (a symbol of royal power) with a human head and face of the pharaoh. It is likely that the face of the discovered mummy of the pharaoh (after plastic restoration) will turn out to be like “two drops of water” similar to Sphinx face.
The veil of mysterious obscurity over the “secrets” of the Egyptian structures in Giza raised. Now, you need to “log in” to see and confirm why Egyptian permission is required authorities.
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