A photo from open sources
Information about the aura came to us from ancient times. If we make an excursion into the past, we will find a lot evidence that existence has been studied in all parts of the world some substance or spiritual emanation that surrounded human body. Man was closer to nature, and from degree the development of the senses often depended on his life. Were also sharpened and super-sensory abilities to perceive energy of the subtle worlds. It’s enough to turn to folk tales legends to see this. True, legends without confirmation remain only legends. Let’s try to find these confirmations in ancient religions and teachings of different nations. Let’s start with the teachings. Indian yogis. In the classic Raja Yoga text “Yoga Sutra” Patanjali mentions not only the existence of subtle bodies, but also ways to develop the ability to see them. In the works of others Yogi authors give a detailed classification of energy fields, their relationship with various functions and organs. In different areas of yoga are given different teaching methods of vision ability auras. In ancient China, there were also many different directions and systems of self-improvement. For example, Taoist A school where great attention was paid to the so-called internal work, that is, the development of his energy body and mastery paranormal abilities. There is a interpretation of the structure energy body and in pagan religions. Bright illustration this is practical shamanism, interest in psychotechnics which has steadily manifested since the mid 60s of the twentieth century. The most interesting thing is that our ancestors who lived on Russian lands. Modern researcher sorcerers – Mazyks (ethnic Russians, descendants of Vladimir aehen Volga region) – A. Shevtsov, a psychologist and ethnographer, gives such their idea of the aura and the structure of man: “… space consciousness is called in the smears – Okutanka, which is around person. All information is stored in this space. It’s such the bubble of consciousness that surrounds our body as a whole. His outer the border runs at the elbow from the body, and it can be felt with your hand if bring a relaxed palm to yourself. “Generally, no matter how we belonged to religion, it is impossible not to notice what is behind its external orthodoxy conceals true values, in particular, it concerns the spiritual improvement of man. And in all global religions can be traced direct analogies. If consider Christian (in particular, this applies to Orthodoxy), Buddhist, Lamaist and Hindu iconography, we will notice very many similarities, for example, in the image of a halo around the head saint. In addition, the principles of setting hands, posture (especially concerns Buddhist and Orthodox icons) corresponds to the doctrine of closure of energy channels or mudras. In almost all religions pay attention to the crown of a person’s head that according to the tradition of yogis, finding a higher energy body organ – Sahasrara chakras. Let us dwell on this in more detail. Despite coincidences such as the presence of a glow around the head and color matching is mainly in the depiction of saints in various religions, the question still arises: why, along with the image auras are completely around the whole body (and there are such traditions in iconography), on most images are limited to a halo around the head? Naturally, the halo of the correct form is in itself speaks of a harmonious personality, especially the glow around the head more intense than around the body. There is also a match between the colors of the aura and the degree of spiritual perfection and development various qualities, which affects the color of the halo. Popularizer and researcher in magic and parapsychology of the early twentieth century A. Troyanovsky believed that the halo is just an icon painting a symbol denoting an incarnate (that is, one that has passed from the past life) spirituality. Most likely, both points of view are true. That is, the presence of a halo around the head, except for belonging to spiritual leaders of mankind, is an icon-painting symbol, incorporating all the positive qualities of the depicted that reflected in the color of the halo. But not only yogic and religious currents were studying this issue. In 1840, Baron Karl von Reichenbach, a German industrialist and chemist, set up a series of experiments, in which people were able to see energy fields around objects. Karl von Reichenbach called them sensitivities. IN mainly experiments were carried out with a vision of the fields around the magnets and crystals. The fields were seen as a glow and were called odic power. The North Pole emitted a blue glow, and the South – yellow red. The blue glow was called positive Od, which corresponded to the glow of the top of the quartz crystal and the left side of the human body, and yellow-red – the negative Od, which corresponded to the glow of the lower part of the crystal and the right side human body. By 1856, Carl von Reichenbach conducted experiments since 197 Sensitives, 50 of which were doctors, physicists, chemists, philosophers. The report on these experiments was published in a solid German annual “Annals of Chemistry”, there were placed photographs taken by illuminating the Odom photographic plate, Sensitives emanating from the fingers. Great contribution to aura visualization a man with the help of electric charges was introduced by our compatriot, famous scientist of the late nineteenth century Jacob Ottovich Narkevich-Yodko. In 1891, he discovered a way to visualize aura with using electric charge based on ability electric current, when passing in the emulsion layer, leave trace visible upon manifestation. This method, Yakov Ottovich Narkevich-Yodko, called electrography. In the fifth issue for 1898 the magazine “Photographer – amateur” wrote: “the leaf is dried and the leaf is alive give different prints on the plate, hands of a healthy person and the hands of a paralytic subject produce completely different images. “It was about photographs submitted by Ya.O. Narkevich-Yodko at the fifth photographic exhibition in St. Petersburg. Them quite a few pictures were taken illustrating various the state of the human body in different situations. Similar research involved Czech physicist B. Navratil, American F. Nifer, German V. Tsapek. And the Czech scientists S. Pret and D. Schlemmer repeated the experiments of V. Tsapek and F. Nifer, after which they expressed the assumption of the ionic nature of radiation, however, not excluding unknown type of radiation that may accompany the discharge process. In 1949, the Kirlian couple first received copyright certificate for high-frequency photography. S.D. Kirlian and his wife V.Kh. Kirlian, experimenting for many years, created a number of special devices for high-frequency photography, features which are several orders of magnitude higher than the Narkevich-Yodko devices. But all the same, in all the above cases, we are not dealing with image of some of the layers of the aura, and with visualization of it with using an electric charge. This short historical excursion allows you to trace the origins of modern practical auroology. Despite the fact that the question of studying aura has a rather long history, various schools represent the building and image of aura in different ways. Let us briefly consider some concepts. 1. Aura, according to the ideas of Karl von Reichenbach Feature his views is an emphasis on one property of the aura – polarity. Karl von Reichenbach claimed that the aura has a pronounced two-color, that is, a blue glow (positive Od), corresponding to the glow of the top of the quartz crystal and the left side human body and yellow-red (negative Od) corresponds the glow of the lower part of the crystal and the right side of the human body. 2. Representation of the bio-field as an etheric body and aura In this case the concept of “aura” includes all energy fields, conditionally taken as a single energy field. Despite the fact that this point vision is not certain, however, it is most applicable in cases of solving specific problems, for example, in medical aural diagnosis. 3. The concept of aura as a combination etheric, astral and mental fields (bodies) This point of view is a simplified model of the general concept of aura, which will be be considered below. This view has significant Spread; especially within some occult traditions. 4. Eightfold tradition. Theory of the structure of the human body Let us dwell on it in more detail. According to this theory, man is composed of eight bodies: 1. Physical body (rupa). 2. The etheric body (linga sarira). 3. The astral body (kama rupa, vestrum, astroid). 4. The mental body (manas, the body of thought, anima, psyche 5. Karmic body (Nagual body, causal body, causal). 6.Intuitive body (bodhi). 7. The body of Nirvana (Atma, spirit). 8. The body of the Absolute. Consider each of these bodies: 1. The physical body is the basis our physical existence. On the spiritual side of life the physical body affects only in the sense that physical health – necessary condition for the development of mental forces and allows us with painstaking work realized in our highest destination. 2. The etheric body is an exact copy of the physical body, only consists of finer etheric matter. On this basis, his sometimes called the etheric double. The etheric body serves as the transmission station between the physical and astral bodies. Its borders are far from the borders of the physical body an average of 1 -1.5 cm, and can there is a bluish-gray haze. By ethereal radiation, you can judge the vitality of a person since the etheric body significantly changes with a change in physical condition. On the the etheric body is a restorer throughout life physical body. G. Durville, M. Heidel, A. Bezant admit that the etheric body can leave the physical body for a while. 3.The astral body has a finer energy structure than etheric. It is transparent and painted in various colors. Astral the body can stand out from the physical and sometimes even visible when a certain degree of fitness. It permeates the physical the body and surrounds it in the form of an aura, on average, spreading to several tens of centimeters beyond the physical. Color the gamma of the astral body varies depending on the state person. It is believed that it controls the status of all functions and physical body systems. G. Durville points out that it is the abode of “sensitivity, imagination and animal passions …”. It thinks, but more sensually than reasonably. 4. The mental body The mental body, or “body of thought,” is ovoid, permeates the astral and physical bodies and forms a sparkling, luminous aura. Its dimensions are extremely variable and reach a few meters. Mental energy generates in the human brain think. With the help of mental energy, he analyzes, compares, summarizes, draws conclusions. A. Troyanovsky calls the mental body abode of will and thought. Here is how A. Besant describes it: “… particles they move quickly, which gives it the appearance of a living, iridescent different colors of light: and as intelligence becomes everything more developed and engaged in ever more pure and sublime themes, this beauty is becoming more radiant and delicious. “According to G. Durville, the mental body is the abode of the will and reason. In this body are stored all the memories and acquired us knowledge. (This is the “rational soul” among the ancients, “Anima” among the ancients Romans, “Psyche” among the Greeks). 5. The karmic body of D. Juan and C. Castaneda describes him as an ovoid body with a center, coming from the solar plexus. P.Uspensky believes that “… this the body contains the causes of all actions within itself, it is independent of external causes and is the body of the will. “The teachings of Raja Yoga are at the core associated with working on this body. Karmic body is believed contains, as it were, a memory of all past human actions and what is now called hereditary memory – the memory of the past lives. 6. Intuitive body The human intuitive body is taller simple intelligence and gives a person inspiration. Vision intuitive and other subtle bodies above the mental, according to most sources are impossible. It is believed that intuition of a person depends on the degree of development of this body, since it concentrates in itself all the higher unconscious processes. It is is the body of superconsciousness. Theosophists attribute it to this body the possibility of constant communication with the Higher Mind. 7. The body of Nirvana Thanks to this body, a complete fusion of the “I” of a person with The universe. Here comes the fusion of the object and the subject and all becomes one. According to Tantrism, the body of Nirvana creates the possibility of constant unity with the truth and allows you to enjoy a comprehensive sense of love and bliss. A. Ghosh points out that the body of Nirvana, as it were, dissolves in the cosmic consciousness and carries it in itself. Modern theosophists believe that due to the most subtle matter, the body of Nirvana can penetrate and be interconnected with all other worlds. 8. The Body of the Absolute. This body is complete. analogue of “Soul” and the integrator of the development of all seven human bodies. By According to leading Theosophists, the energy of this body consists of a combination energies of all other bodies. All sources indicate mandatory proportionality with the development of other bodies and the inability to draw information by the “Body of the Absolute” from Space without comprehensive development the main seven bodies. According to this concept, the visible part of the aura consists of astral and mental bodies. The etheric body Actually does not apply to the aura. In addition to the above, there are other types of classification of the structure of the aura, but for the most part they are either a different interpretation of those considered, or part of them. Some sources view the aura of a person in a completely different traditions. The divergence of opinions is explained, in particular, by the following: firstly, by the difference in levels of vision, i.e. human ability see the aura depending on the degree of his fitness and natural data (these factors are different for different people); Secondly, the difference in the traditions of considering aura, i.e. fundamental idea philosophical views of a certain direction or a certain a school giving an appropriate interpretation of what is seen and being a kind of filter through which any information is passed; thirdly, the various goals that pursue different schools and different people who consider the aura either in terms of diagnosis, or to study the moral or spiritual qualities of a person. Naturally, this forces many researchers from all varieties choose only the factors of interest that often distorts the overall objective picture. For these reasons, arises confusion is most often in terminology. Often the same term denotes completely different concepts. For example, the term “astral” in yogic and occult traditions denotes different concepts. For designations of human energy bodies at different times were proposed different names: aura, biofield, bioplasma … In our opinion, the term “biofield” is unacceptable, if only because the energy-information fields are peculiar not only to biological objects, but also to objects non-biological nature. Also, strictly speaking, the term “biofield” can only be associated with those energy bodies which relate to the direct life of a person, those. physical and, to some extent, etheric body, but not in under no circumstances can it designate all energy information structures. Summing up, we can say that the aura is formed by all shells man and depends on his physical, emotional, mental and spiritual states.