Do vegetarians live longer?

In one of the most extensive studies to date scientists from the University of Loma Linda in California came to the conclusion that vegetarians live longer than carnivores. Results of this studies were published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine The study involved 70,000 people and scientists found that vegetarians had a 12% lower risk of death than non vegetarians. The same applies to other specific vegetarian diets. For example, vegans are also less likely at risk of death than non-vegetarians. A photo from open sources

Authors of previous studies concluded that a vegetarian diet reduces the risk of such chronic diseases like heart failure or diabetes. However mechanisms underlying such a pattern have not yet studied.

“We can’t talk about it with absolute certainty on based on research, but one of the most likely The reasons for these benefits to vegetarians may be that they generally or only in small quantities eat meat ” – says the director of continuing education courses on preventive medicine at the Loma Linda University Dr. Michael Orlich (Michael J. Orlich).

Red meat is indicated as the main culprit, because it contains large amounts of saturated fat and cholesterol, which are able to clog arteries. In April, more one study whose authors found that the substance is carnitine, also part of red meat, in the process of metabolism in the intestines are processed and enter the blood vessels.

There is a lot of data indicating a connection between eating red meat and increased mortality. But here is your Other factors may play a role. “It is possible that consumption diverse plant foods leads to lower mortality, and therefore, we really want to study in the future all these things concerning food, ”says Orlicz.

A photo from open sources

The following is also interesting. The researchers found that the relationship between a vegetarian diet and a reduction in mortality to a greater extent traced in men than in women. In men, the number cardiovascular disease and vegetarian deaths diet is reduced. In women, such a noticeable decrease is not traceable.

“I don’t have any solid assumptions, but quite it is possible that diet affects biological factors in men and women, “notes Orlic, planning examine in more detail what specific products and nutrients are responsible for this relationship.

It is very difficult to understand what determines this dependence, and apart from Moreover, in different groups and people it can be expressed in different ways. For example, British scientists studied a vegetarian diet by connecting to study 47,250 participants in the experiments. But they didn’t find same mortality results. The reason may be that American vegetarians consume more fiber and vitamin C. This indicates the need to better understand how diet affects longevity.

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