Dolmens: a table at which mystery feasts

A photo from open sources

Great archaeological discoveries still occur. How to know perhaps after Troy and the pyramids in the Valley of the Pharaohs third in significant events in world archeology will soon be considered dolmen complex in the Zhanet river valley near Gelendzhik. Remember all! What do we remember about the world when he was young? What do we know are we about dolmens? They were already standing there when in the quarries of Egypt only the first blocks for future pyramids were cut down, in place of grand Babylon, the desert wind still chased sand, and even before the biblical flood remained a whole millennium. These stone huts with holes in the pediment for two centuries, the minds of the scientist of the world. Dolmens are common in the coastal strip of the Far East and through the Caucasus and the Mediterranean get to the coast of Africa. The most ancient of the peoples of the Earth no longer remember who and why built. They write funny tales about dwarfs who lived in dolmens, riding a hare and eating grass juice. Or about voracious giants, in memory of which they received their name: in Celtic language “stone table” – tolmen. Of questions more than answers Dolmen builders barely came out of stone centuries, but they were not savages in animal skins at all. They were already knowledge of the possibilities of leverage, they were close to discovering secrets dome construction. Architects exploring with an example dolmens jane the initial history of housebuilding were amazed inventiveness of ancient architects, brilliant simplicity of solutions very difficult construction problems. For example, built in a zone active seismic dolmen at the first earthquake was supposed crumble like a house of cards. However over its long history dolmens safely survived thousands of tremors. The secret is in the uniqueness of their prefabricated design, anticipated for millennia computer-based schemes of modern panel construction. Another lesson taught by the ancient builders is storm drainage and a water drainage system that worked with much more reliable and efficient than current ones. The Janet River dolmens will help to clarify at least some of these mysteries of the most ancient history of mankind. Each one sharply distinguished by the architectonics of its parts, construction technology, the nature of sacred patterns and ornaments. For current researchers from various fields of scientific knowledge they present a concentrated experience of becoming early of humanity. Mid dolmen composed of cyclopean stone slabs, each weighing tens of tons, with a majestic portal on which the image of the gate is carved. Western dolmen with the art and grace of a house of cards is ingeniously composed of carefully fitted blocks. This type of design is now found in Eskimo igloos, dwellings that are in the North are laid out from bricks cut from snow. And finally eastern dolmen, the laying of which creates an almost perfect circle. Archaeologists have established that blocks and plates for these dolmens cut down from the rock and delivered here to the top hill, for 600 – 700 meters. Each dolmen rests on a powerful a platform of stone blocks, it was built based on … centuries? Not, dolmen is designed for Eternity. A holy place is never empty Here, at dolmen complex of the Janet River, this saying takes on woeful polysemy. If the place of science for a long time remains vacant, it quickly takes, at best, superstition, at worst – vandalism. The vast majority of dolmens who resisted the onslaught of millennia, could not stand human greed. Them looted marauders of different centuries and tribes, blew our ignorance contemporaries, builders of the “new world”. The famous dolmen in Dzhubge, on the wall of which archaeologists have discovered a unique petroglyph, according to local historians, managed to visit and chicken coop, and a room for steaming compound feeds. And this happy fate for the dolmen – he survived. By very rough estimates, half lost in the last century dolmens, and today their number does not exceed one thousand. Nobody knows the exact number. Powerful modern technology repeatedly enhances the destructive capacity of our ignorance. Many of dolmens became gravel at the base of the federal highway, some were taken by tractors to separate plates, which went to the construction of capital garages and stone sheds. IN recently, enterprising people find them a new use. IN last year through the pages of local and federal media went publication of a flagrant crime in the Criminal Code qualifies as “cultural vandalism.” Local entrepreneur The Pshad rural district of Gelendzhik destroyed five dolmens. Tractors drilled them from the depths of the forest closer to the highway and from of what remained after the barbaric transportation, collected two remodel dolmen. Here he set out to create an excursion object and make money on it. “Smart” the businessman was quite surprised when polite people came to him, but slow-witted people from the police. “What a crime, understand?” He sincerely asked the investigator. – Each year them, these dolmens, how many die – hollow water, tree roots, mud sat down. Nobody is responsible for this! But in return every year, probably as many dolmens are rediscovered. This one seems to be safe accounting situation – how many disappeared, the same amount found – for science and culture it should not at all reassure anyone. Such a zero balance for our history can turn out to be absolute zero. Here is just one example: 40 years ago in the territory Tuapse district discovered a barbed dolmen with underground True, already plundered. It was a sensation for dolmenologists around the world – this type of megalithic monuments could not be found yet. This is an outstanding archaeological discovery. received the name “Psenako-1.” His study could shed light on the formation of the early beginnings of religious consciousness. Finds helped restore the stages of its long history. At first it was a burial place cult hero – leader or warrior. Over time, it became a place worship, then a temple was built over the grave, a barrow was poured. With time forms of worship became more complicated, the temple received additional functions, and in its later history it also became ancient observatory. But this fascinating archaeological plot is still not clarified, not studied, not replenished our knowledge of his the past. For a quarter of a century it has been on conservation, but easier saying, covered with gravel to protect it from modern tribes barbarians, homeless people or wild tourists. In the Janet River Valley on the territory of 100 hectares is two dozen dolmens and about thousands of barrows. Today it is one of the most popular sightseeing tours. objects of the coast, which are visited by over 40 thousand per season tourists. And it was here that in 1997 began work West Caucasian archaeological expedition of the Institute of History material culture of the Academy of Sciences (St. Petersburg). Under the leadership of the expedition chief Viktor Trifonov scientists already 15 years have been conducting not only field studies of the temple complex, but and work on its restoration and their conservation. They prepared project to create a natural archaeological reserve here “Zhanet Valley” and Russia’s first archaeological park. it will allow not only to preserve a unique megalithic monument Russian history, but also create a tourist center in the Zhanet Valley international class. Candidate of Historical Sciences Victor Trifonov more than once smiled at archaeological luck, and he was the first after dolmen builders took out a stone cork from a hole in his pediment. Each time he found in dolmen what archaeologists already guessed and what they assumed – the remains of a buried man, jewelry, dishes and objects of a funeral cult. But on according to archaeologists, the uniqueness of the Janet dolmens is that it is a single burial and temple complex, a kind of sacred place for the tribes living on this stretch of coast. Brought here sacrifices to the gods, offered prayers to heaven, performed triznu and judgment. About this is evidenced by the sacrificial altar found near dolmen, collection of dolmen sleeves on display Historical Museum of Gelendzhik. And the plot of the artist’s picture G. Taube from the museum collection reproduces the smallest details funeral rite. … History is not a boring school textbook portfolio, and a higher mathematics problem book about a past life of humanity. A puzzler who has no answers at the end. it you understand especially well, left face to face with a dolmen. Alexander Rekeda

Water Time Dolmens Pyramids Russia

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